Difference between HTTP and HTTPS (HTTP vs HTTPS). How to redirect HTTP to HTTPS?

If there is no option to enable HTTPS, it's because that domain doesn't have SSL installed. Make sure SSL is installed & the option will present itself.

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It has been over 5 years since Google announced its plans to promote sites switching from HTTP to HTTPS, giving them a minor rank boosting benefit. However, being a visitor to a website, it is necessary for you to notice what makes up a site’s address secure, which is only possible if you know the difference between HTTP vs HTTPS that makes the crux of any website. 

Well, telling you again, your security is in your address. So make sure you know the difference among HTTP and HTTPS to help your personal information like passwords, credit card numbers, etc. remain private when sent to a website.


What is HTTP?

Ted Nelson, in 1965, first coined the hypertext term. HTTP that stands for HyperText Transfer Protocol is a request-response protocol in the client-server computing model and is used widely for data transfer over the web. The URL being http:// used to be the most commonly used protocol for all the websites earlier and used Port 80 for communication, by default.


What is HTTPS?

Technically speaking, HTTPS stands like an extension to HTTP. HyperText Transfer Protocol Secure makes use of a secure connection over the network to help transfer information between the server & client. It uses an encrypted protocol like TLS or SSL to make up for a secure platform for sharing crucial personal information. HTTPS uses https:// in its URL.

Fact: The letter ‘S’ in HTTPS stands for SSL, i.e., Secure Sockets Layer.


HTTP vs HTTPS (Difference)

  1. HTTP is a HyperText Transfer protocol and operates at TCP/IP level, whereas HTTPS is a HyperText Transfer Protocol Secure that uses encrypted TLS/SSL connection
  2. HTTP does not protect private information making it vulnerable to hack into, whereas HTTPS makes use of SSL to make your crucial private data secure from hackers. 
  3. HTTP uses port 80 by default, while HTTPS uses port 433 by default. 
  4. Websites operating on HTTPS use data encryption, unlike HTTP websites. 
  5. The information providing sites like blogs can make use of HTTP that does not necessarily require users to provide critical data, whereas ecommerce sites that collect private data like debit card details use HTTPS for a more secure protocol. 
  6. Information transmitted on HTTP can be readily available to the hackers. In contrast, data sent in HTTPS is first jumbled up, transmitted & then decluttered to the original information at the receiver’s end, making it highly secure & impossible to hack into. 

Now that we understand the main differences in HTTPS vs HTTP, we know how more beneficial it is to switch your website from HTTP to HTTPS. Even Google’s site migration guide highlights the benefits of HTTPS vs HTTP. Let’s learn more about switching from HTTP to HTTPS.


 4 ways to redirect HTTP to HTTPS?

Upgrading from HTTP to HTTPS costs you nothing as the SSL certification can be issued for free via shared hostings. It even helps you gain a higher SEO ranking and a better trustability to the website visitors. There are multiple ways to redirect HTTP to HTTPS, but here are the top 5 ways to do the same.


1. HTPP to HTTPS with Nginx

  • Login to your Nginx web server and take a backup of the file you are using for server directive. 
  • Add return 301 https://$server_name$request_uri; in the server directive.
  • Save the file & restart Nginx to test the website.

Click here to know more about Nginx.


2. HTPP to HTTPS with Apache

  • Log in to the Apache server & go to the path where it is installed.
  • In the conf folder, take a backup of file httpd.conf
  • Open httpd.conf using the visual editor of your choice. 
  • Check if mod_rewrite.so module is loaded.
  • Add the given code at the end of the file

RewriteEngine On

RewriteCond %{HTTPS} off

RewriteRule (.*) https://%{HTTP_HOST}%{REQUEST_URI}

  • Save the file & restart Apache to test the website.


3. HTTP to HTTPS with Cloudflare

  • Login to Cloudflare & select the site to be redirected.
  • Click on the Crypto tab & turn ON under the always use HTTPS tab.
  • After that, go to Page Rules & click on ‘Create Page Rule’
  • Write the URL of the website
  • Click on ‘Add a Setting’ & select ‘Always Use HTTPS’ from the drop-down list
  • Click on ‘Save and Deploy’

Your website will be ready and all set to function in its https address.


4. HTTPS to HTTP with cPanel

  • Log in to cPanel
  • Click ‘Domains’ under the domains section
  • A page will pop up.
  •  Turn HTTPS redirect ON (as recommended). 
  • Your website will now be using the HTTPS address.

Note: If there is no option to enable HTTPS, it’s because that domain doesn’t have SSL installed. Make sure SSL is installed & the option will present itself.

Looking for Website Development & Website SEO?

Hire us for website development & mobile app development, and website SEO Email us at [email protected]

Saumya Uniyal
Saumya Uniyal
Saumya has completed her Diploma in Mass Communication & aims to make a mark as a writer. She's an avid learner & a tech enthusiast striving to gain knowledge in her interested areas, including the latest technological advancements.

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