We all have been using our computer and phones for quite some time now, and most of us always wondered- What are JPG and PNG? For our average Pam, an image in JPG format and the same picture in PNG format will look identical, but there are more things involved in this than just a slight change in the format and size of the picture.
There are several options from which a person can choose to save or export an image, and this can be a confusing and complicated task for the user. To resolve the conflict, let’s talk about the two most popular file format options that are used for storing an image- JPG vs PNG. Let’s talk about what these are, why are they used, and which one is best for the web.
Certain things have to be considered before you decide to use an image file format like whether its a casual picture of your pet or its a professionally clicked photograph. Then we also have to consider whether the image will be published on a company website, or the person will use it for personal use. But before we enter the details, let us understand what JPG and PNG formats are.
What is PNG?
PNG is a compression file format in which the image is compressed to a smaller size as compared to the standard size of the image. The PNG format is used mostly by the website, and it’s a good option for storing line drawings, texts, and iconic graphics at small file sizes.
The PNG format allows transparency, which enables the image to have irregular-shaped objects and does not use white or any other colored box outlining for the image and provides transparency to the background. PNG is formed by the lossless compression of the picture, which means that the data contained in the file remains intact even if the file size is reduced.
What is JPG?
JPG or JPEG is a lossy compressed file format, which makes it a common choice for using on the web because of its compressed form. JPEGs are used for storing photographs and realistic images. The drawback of this format is that the quality of an image gets ruined when it is converted into a JPG format. This means that some data gets permanently deleted from the image.
JPGs usage is suggested in those situations when it is necessary to have a small file on the system. Several tools and websites are available on the internet that allows you to compress the size of the image and shrink the size. This image compression is becoming less of an issue as the internet speeds are upgrading with time. However, people with older connections still appreciate the efforts of a webpage for using smaller size images.
PNG vs JPEG
If we keep images of both the formats side by side, it’s hard to tell them apart, but the reason why this change of format is carried out is image compression. The process of image compression is carried out to reduce the file size of an image to the point where the quality of the image does not get compromised. For an image that is compressed well, a user has to find the sweet spot where the file size and the quality are in the perfect ratio.
Most of the websites use images to make their content and webpage more attractive and interactive, and using files that are too big for the page will slow down the loading process. A larger image on the loading page will lead to a higher bounce rate for the webpage, which can affect your business.
JPG vs PNG – which one to use?
JPEG uses a compression method in which the pixels are grouped to blur the lines between the things and texts, and it works well for photographs but goes wrong in cases of graphics and screenshots.
However, a compressed PNG photograph might give out some graininess in the picture when observed closely, but its nothing too bad. The issue with PNG is the file size, even the smallest size for PNG is still more significant than a JPG file.
There is no right or wrong choice in the case of an image as each format has its importance and plays a role in different categories depending on its size. Depending on the type of picture, you can always choose between JPG or PNG, but one thing that a user has to be careful with is to find the perfect ratio of the quality and size to get the most out of the image they are using.